About Indigo Airline.
IndiGo is an Indian budget airline company headquartered at Gurgaon, India. It is the fastest growing and also the largest airline in India with a market share of 37.1% as of February 2015. The airline offers more than 613 daily flights connecting to 38 destinations including 5 international destinations with its primary hub at Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi. It presently operates a fleet of 93 aircraft belonging to Airbus A320 family.
IndiGo was set up in early 2006 by Rahul Bhatia of InterGlobe Enterprises and Rakesh S Gangwal, a United States-based NRI. InterGlobe holds 51.12% stake in IndiGo and 48% is held by Gangwal’s Virginia-based company Caelum Investments. IndiGo placed a firm order for 100 Airbus A320-200 aircraft in June 2005 with plans to commence operations in mid-2006. IndiGo took delivery of its first Airbus A320-200 aircraft on 28 July 2006, nearly one year after placing the order, and commenced operations on 4 August 2006 with a service from New Delhi to Imphal via Guwahati. By the end of 2006, the airline had six aircraft. Nine more aircraft were acquired in 2007 taking the total to 15. By December 2010, IndiGo replaced the state run flag carrier Air India as the top third airline in India. It already had 17.3% of the market share, behind Kingfisher Airlines and Jet Airways. By early 2012, IndiGo had taken the delivery of its 50th aircraft in less than six years. IndiGo is known to have placed the largest order in commercial aviation history during 2011 at that time, when Airbus won the US$15 billion deal for 180 aircraft. This deal pushed up the percentage of Airbus aircraft in India to 73%.
By February 2012, IndiGo was expanding rapidly and was making solid profits, the only airline in India to do so. It had replaced Kingfisher as the second largest airline in India in terms of market share. IndiGo’s strong adherence to a low-cost model, buying only one type of aircraft and keeping operational costs as low as possible along with an emphasis on punctuality are said to be some of the reasons for its success even when the airline industry in India was going through a bad patch. IndiGo focuses on adding a new plane every six weeks and sometimes even faster. However, this rapid expansion led to a scathing report by the DGCA in December 2011, which highlighted problems resulting from this expansion in the airline that could impact safety. On 17 August 2012, IndiGo became the largest airline in India in terms of market share (27%), which is more than one-fourth of total market share of all the Indian airlines combined, in the process dethroning the full-service carrier Jet Airways, which had held that position for many years. The airline had reached the position just six years after operations commenced.
In January 2013, the Centre for Asia Pacific Aviation announced that, following Indonesian airline Lion Air, IndiGo was the second fastest growing low-cost carrier in the continent. In the same month, IndiGo became India’s first airline to take the delivery of the Airbus A320-200 aircraft equipped with sharklets. Aditya Ghosh, IndiGo’s president said that this move would help them reduce fuel burn. In February 2013, following the civil aviation ministry announcing that they would be allowing IndiGo to take the delivery of only five aircraft that year, reports suggested that the airline was in plans to introduce low-cost regional flights by setting up a subsidiary. However, Aditya Ghosh, IndiGo’s president said that all such reports were untrue and IndiGo was actually in plans to seek permission from the ministry to acquire four more aircraft, therefore taking the delivery of nine aircraft in 2013. In August 2013, the Centre for Asia Pacific Aviation ranked IndiGo amongst the 10 biggest low-cost carriers in the world.
ndiGo operates to 38 destinations in India and abroad with more than 600 daily flights. In January 2011 IndiGo received a license to operate international flights after completing five years of operations. IndiGo’s first international service was launched between New Delhi and Dubai on 1 September 2011. Over the following weeks, the international services were expanded to serve Bangkok, Singapore, Muscat and Kathmandu from New Delhi and Mumbai. Now international flights are also operated from several cities including Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, Kochi, Kolkata, Kozhikode and Thiruvananthapuram.
Accidents and incidents
On 11 January 2011, Flight 333, piloted by Captain Parminder Kaur Gulati, landed nose-first at Goa International Airport, damaging the landing gear and putting the aircraft at risk of disintegration. Prior to the landing, the captain had caused the aircraft to descend too steeply, against the recommendations of aircraft manufacturer Airbus. It was later discovered that the captain used forged papers to obtain an air transport pilot license (ATPL),